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Accession IconGSE35948

Restoration of miR-214 expression reduces cell growth of myeloma cells through a positive regulation of P53 and inhibition of DNA replication

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 6 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST Array (hugene10st)

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MicroRNAs have been demonstrated to be deregulated in multiple myeloma (MM). We have previously reported the downregulation of miR-214 in MM compared to normal plasma cells. In the present study, we have explored the functional role of miR-214 in myeloma pathogenesis. Ectopic expression of miR-214 reduced cell growth and induced apoptosis of myeloma cells. In order to identify the potential direct target genes of miR-214 which could be involved in the biological pathways regulated by this miRNA, gene expression profiling of H929 myeloma cell line transfected with precursor miR-214 was carried out. Functional analysis revealed significant enrichment for DNA replication, cell cycle phase and DNA binding. We show that miR-214 directly down-regulates the expression of PSMD10, which encodes the oncoprotein gankyrin, and ASF1B, a histone chaperone required for DNA replication, by binding to their 3'-UTR. In addition, gankyrin inhibition induced an increase of P53 mRNA levels and subsequent up-regulation in CDKN1A (p21Waf1/Cip1) and BAX transcripts, which are direct transcriptional targets of p53. In conclusion, we demonstrate that miR-214 function as a tumor suppressor in myeloma by a positive regulation of p53 and inhibition of DNA replication.
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