Background: Evolutionary engineering is a powerful approach to isolate suppressor mutants and industrially relevant genotypes. Until recently, DNA microarray analysis was the only affordable genome-wide approach to identify the responsible mutations. This situation has changed due to the rapidly decreasing costs of whole genome (re)sequencing. DNA microarray-based mRNA expression analysis and whole genome resequencing were combined in a study on lactate transport in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Jen1p is the only S. cerevisiae lactate transporter reported in literature. To identify alternative lactate transporters, a jen1 strain was evolved for growth on lactate. Results: Two independent evolution experiments yielded Jen1p-independent growth on lactate (max 0.14 and 0.18 h-1 for single-cell lines IMW004 and IMW005, respectively). Whereas mRNA expression analysis did not provide leads, whole-genome resequencing showed different single nucleotide changes (C755G/Leu219Val and C655G/Ala252Gly) in the acetate transporter gene ADY2. Analysis of mRNA levels and depth of coverage of DNA sequencing combined with karyotyping, gene deletions and diagnostic PCR showed that in IMW004 an isochromosome III (~475 kb), which contains two additional copies of ADY2C755G, was formed via crossover between YCLW15 and YCRC6. Introduction of the ADY2 alleles in a jen1 ady2 strain resulted in growth on lactate (max 0.14 h-1 for Ady2pLeu219Val and 0.12 h-1 for Ady2pAla252Gly). Conclusions: Whole-genome resequencing of yeast strains obtained from independent evolution experiments enabled rapid identification of a key gene that was not identified by mRNA expression analysis of the same strains. Reverse metabolic engineering showed that mutated alleles of ADY2 (C655G and C755G) encode efficient lactate transporters.