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Accession IconGSE29370

Gene expression profile of malignant mesothelioma

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 22 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array (hgu133plus2)

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Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an asbestos-related malignancy and largely unresponsive to conventional chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Novel, more effective therapeutic strategies are needed for this fatal disease. We performed microarray analysis of MM using Affymetrix Human U133 Plus 2.0 array. Aberrant expression of the genes participating in semaphorin signaling were detected in malignant mesothelioma cells. All MM cells downregulated the expression of more than one gene for SEMA3B, 3F, and 3G when compared with Met5a, a normal pleura-derived cell line. In 12 of 14 epithelioid MM cells, the expression level of SEMA3A was lower than that in Met5a. An augmented expression of VEGFA was detected in half of the MM cells. The expression ratio of VEGFA/SEMA3A was significantly higher in the epithelioid MMs than in Met5a and the non-epithelioid MMs. Next, gene expression profiling for the polycomb and trithorax group genes revealed that expression of BAP1, the catalytic subunit of the polycomb repressive deubiquitinase complex, and many trithorax group genes was downregulated in MMs compared with the expression of the same genes in Met5a cells. Perturbation of the polycombtrithorax balance plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of malignant mesothelioma.
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