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Accession IconGSE27547

Gene expression differences in mouse islets after isolation at different time points (0-48hr)

Organism Icon Mus musculus
Sample Icon 17 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array (mouse4302)

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TGFbi (transforming growth factor-beta-induced) is a secreted protein and is capable of binding to both extracellular matrix (ECM) and cells. It thus acts as a bifunctional molecule enhancing ECM and cell interactions, a lack of which results in dysfunction of many cell types. In this study, we investigated the role of TGFbi in the function and survival of islets. Based on DNA microarray analysis followed by qPCR confirmation, the TGFbi gene showed drastic increases in expression in islets after culture. We demonstrated that recombinant TGFbi could preserve the integrity and enhance the function of cultured islets. Such a beneficial effect was mediated via signalling through FAK. Exogenous TGFbi was capable of sustaining high-level FAK phosphorylation in isolated islets, and FAK knockdown by siRNA in islets resulted in compromised islet function. TGFbi Tg islets showed better integrity and insulin release after in vitro culture. In vivo, b-cell proliferation was detectable in Tg but not wild type pancreata. At age above 12 months, Tg pancreata contained giant islets. Tg mice displayed better glucose tolerance than the controls. Tg islets were more potent in lowering blood glucose when transplanted into syngeneic mice with streptozotocin-induced diabetes, and these transplanted islets also underwent regeneration. Our results indicate that TGFbi is a vital trophic factor promoting islet survival, function and regeneration. At least some of its beneficial effect was mediated by signalling through FAK.
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