github link
Accession IconGSE17250

Comparative analysis of gene regulation by the transcription factor PPAR_mouse

Organism Icon Mus musculus
Sample Icon 24 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array (hgu133plus2)

Submitter Supplied Information

Studies in mice have shown that PPAR is an important regulator of hepatic lipid metabolism and the acute phase response. However, little information is available on the role of PPAR in human liver. Here we set out to compare the function of PPAR in mouse and human hepatocytes via analysis of target gene regulation. Primary hepatocytes from 6 human and 6 mouse donors were treated with PPAR agonist Wy14643 and gene expression profiling was performed using Affymetrix GeneChips followed by a systems biology analysis. Baseline PPAR expression was similar in human and mouse hepatocytes. Depending on species and time of exposure, Wy14643 significantly induced the expression of 362-672 genes. Surprisingly minor overlap was observed between the Wy14643-regulated genes from mouse and human, although more substantial overlap was observed at the pathway level. Xenobiotics metabolism and apolipoprotein synthesis were specifically regulated by PPAR in human hepatocytes, whereas glycolysis-gluconeogenesis was regulated specifically in mouse hepatocytes. Most of the genes commonly regulated in mouse and human were involved in lipid metabolism and many represented known PPAR targets, including CPT1A, HMGCS2, FABP, ACSL, and ADFP. Several genes were identified that were specifically induced by PPAR in human (MBL2, ALAS1, CYP1A1, TSKU) or mouse (Fbp2, lgals4, Cd36, Ucp2, Pxmp4). Furthermore, several putative novel PPAR targets were identified that were commonly regulated in both species, including CREB3L3, KLF10, KLF11 and MAP3K8. Our results suggest that PPAR activation has a major impact on gene regulation in human hepatocytes. Importantly, the role of PPAR as master regulator of hepatic lipid metabolism is generally well-conserved between mouse and human. Overall, however, PPAR regulates a mostly divergent set of genes in mouse and human hepatocytes.
PubMed ID
Total Samples
Submitter’s Institution
Alternate Accession IDs


Show of 0 Total Samples
Accession Code
Specimen part
Processing Information
Additional Metadata
No rows found