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Accession IconGSE14482

Differentially expressed genes in subpopulations of monocytes from non infected animals.

Organism Icon Macaca mulatta
Sample Icon 6 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Rhesus Macaque Genome Array (rhesus)

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On the basis of the cell-surface molecule expression, CD16+ monocytes are likely comprised of distinct subpopulations of monocytes rather than a continuum of CD14+ monocytes with differing levels of cell activation. To better study this, we used gene array analysis that compared overall gene expression profiles of CD16+ subpopulations (CD14+CD16+ and CD16+) with that of CD14+CD16-. Gene expression in three FACS-sorted monocyte subsets was assessed by Affymetrix rhesus macaque oligonucleotide gene arrays that contain 52,024 probe sets covering 47,000 monkey genes. There were 29,361 probe sets that expressed in at least one subpopulation (raw array signal intensity > 32). Raw data were processed using robust multi-array average. To identify the most strongly, differentially expressed genes in each subpopulation, we only selected transcripts with consistently greater than four-fold difference (P < .05). In comparison to CD14+CD16- monocyte subset, a large number of genes (9098/29361, 30.9%) were differentially expressed in both CD14+CD16+ and CD16+ subsets: 1999 genes down-regulated; and 7099 genes up-regulated. Altogether, we observed large-scale gene expression differences between the CD14+CD16- subset and the two CD16+ subsets (CD14+CD16+ and CD16+), demonstrating transcriptional heterogeneity. The differential gene expression between CD16- and CD16+ monocytes underscore the fundamental differences between these cells.
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