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Accession IconGSE13861

Gene expression signature-based novel prognostic risk score in gastric cancer

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 90 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge IconIllumina HumanWG-6 v3.0 expression beadchip

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Despite continual efforts to establish pre-operative prognostic model of gastric cancer by using clinical and pathological parameters, a staging system that reliably separates patients with early and advanced gastric cancer into homogeneous groups with respect to prognosis does not exist. With use of microarray and quantitative RT-PCR technologies, we exploited series of experiments in combination with complementary data analyses on tumor specimens from 161 gastric cancer patients. Various statistical analyses were applied to gene expression data to uncover subgroups of gastric cancer, to identify potential biomarkers associated with prognosis, and to construct molecular predictor of risk from identified prognostic biomarkers.Two subgroups of gastric cancer with strong association with prognosis were uncovered. The robustness of prognostic gene expression signature was validated in independent patient cohort with use of support vector machines prediction model. For easy translation of our finding to clinics, we develop scoring system based on expression of six genes that can predict the likelihood of recurrence after curative resection of tumors. In multivariate analysis, our novel risk score was an independent predictor of recurrence (P=0.004) in cohort of 96 patients, and its robustness was validated in two other independent cohorts. We identified novel prognostic subgroups of gastric cancer that are distinctive in gene expression patterns. Six-gene signature and risk score derived from them has been validated for predicting the likelihood of survival at diagnosis.
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