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Accession IconGSE11766

Transcriptional repression of c-Myb and GATA-2 is involved in the effects of C/EBP in p210 BCR/ABL-expressing cells

Organism Icon Mus musculus
Sample Icon 47 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array (mouse4302)

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Levels of C/EBP are low in myeloid blast crisis (BC) of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and its expression in p210BCR/ABL-expressing hematopoietic cells induces granulocytic differentiation, inhibits proliferation and suppresses leukemogenesis. To assess the mechanisms involved in these effects, C/EBP targets were identified by microarray analyses. Upon C/EBP activation, expression of c-Myb and GATA-2 was repressed in 32D-BCR/ABL, K562 and CML-BC primary cells but only c-Myb levels decreased slightly in CD34+ normal progenitors. The role of these two genes for the biological effects of C/EBP was assessed by perturbing their expression in K562 cells. Expression of c-Myb blocked the proliferation inhibition and differentiation-inducing effects of C/EBP while c-Myb siRNA treatment enhanced C/EBP-mediated proliferation inhibition and induced changes in gene expression indicative of monocytic differentiation. GATA-2 expression suppressed the proliferation inhibitory effect of C/EBP but blocked in part the effect on differentiation; GATA-2 siRNA treatment had no effects on C/EBP induction of differentiation but inhibited proliferation of K562 cells, alone or upon C/EBP activation. In summary, the effects of C/EBP in p210BCR/ABL -expressing cells depend, in part, on transcriptional repression of c-Myb and GATA-2. Since perturbation of c-Myb and GATA-2 expression has non identical consequences for proliferation and differentiation of K562 cells, the effects of C/EBP appear to involve different transcription-regulated targets.
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