Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-expressing T-cells induce durable remissions in patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancies. CARs are artificial constructs introduced into mature T-cells conferring a second, non-MHC restricted specificity in addition to the endogenous T-cell receptor (TCR). The impact of TCR activation on CAR T-cell efficacy in vivo has important implications for clinical optimization of CAR T-cell therapy, but cannot be systematically evaluated in xenograft models. Using an immunocompetent, syngeneic murine model of CD19-targeted CAR T-cell therapy for pre-B cell ALL, we demonstrate loss of CD8 CAR T-cell mediated clearance of leukemia associated with T-cell exhaustion and apoptosis when TCR antigen is present. CD4 CAR T-cells demonstrate equivalent cytotoxicity, as compared to CD8 CAR T-cells, and in contrast, retain in vivo efficacy in the presence of TCR stimulation. Gene expression profiles confirm increased exhaustion and apoptosis of CAR8 upon dual receptor stimulation compared to CAR4, and indicate inherent differences in T-cell pathways.