Young individuals possess distinct properties that adults do not. The juvenile animals show higher activities for growth, healing, learning and plasticity than adults. The machinery for establishing these juvenile properties is not fully understood. To better understand the molecular constituents for the above properties, we performed a comprehensive transcriptome analysis of differently aged cells of mice by high-throughput sequencing. The samples are isolated mouse hepatocytes and caridomyocytes in triplicate. As a result, we identified the genes selectively highly expressed in the young cells. These genes, collectively called as juvenility-associated genes (JAGs), show significant enrichments in the functions such as alternative splicing, phosphorylation and extracellular matrix (ECM). This implies the juvenescence might be achieved by these functions at the cell level. The JAG mutations are associated with progeria syndromes and growth disorders. Thus, the JAGs might organize the juvenile property of young animals and analysis of JAGs may provide scientific and therapeutic approaches toward treating the genetic diseases.